Sports activity and cardiovascular pathologies

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Cardiovascular diseases are a group of diseases affecting the heart and / or blood vessels. Although this definition makes any morbid process affecting the cardiovascular system (heart disease + vascular disease) fall into the category, in common parlance it generally refers to the various pathologies related to atherosclerosis.

Cardiovascular diseases

The narrowing, obstruction or excessive enlargement (aneurysm) of the blood vessels that can accompany this disease, are in fact responsible for very common diseases, such as coronary diseases (angina pectoris and heart attack), cerebrovascular (stroke) and peripheral vascular ( intermittent claudication).

All congenital heart defects, rheumatic diseases involving myocardium, various forms of arrhythmia, pathologies affecting the heart valves and heart failure are also included in the family of cardiovascular pathologies.

On a global level, and in particular in countries with a typically Western lifestyle, cardiovascular diseases represent the main cause of death. The diseases associated with atherosclerosis seen above contribute to this sad record, the appearance of which is favored by a lifestyle increasingly characterized by the abuse of smoking, alcohol and drugs, a sedentary lifestyle and a diet that is not very careful to satisfy, without excess, the real needs of the organism.

Insights

Considering the vastness of the topic, for those wishing to learn more, here are the links to the various articles on the site relating to cardiovascular diseases:

  • The cardiovascular system
  • Atherosclerosis and Arteriosclerosis
  • Coronary and coronary artery disease
  • Ischemic heart disease
  • Heart attack
  • Angina pectoris
  • Stroke
  • Thrombus and thrombosis
  • Deep vein thrombosis
  • Left ventricular hypertrophy
  • Heart murmur
  • Aortic aneurysm
  • Prevention of cardiovascular diseases
  • Sports activity and cardiovascular pathologies

Cardiovascular diseases are a group of diseases affecting the heart and / or blood vessels. Although this definition makes any morbid process affecting the cardiovascular system (heart disease + vascular disease) fall into the category, in common parlance it generally refers to the various pathologies related to atherosclerosis.

Cardiovascular diseases The narrowing, obstruction or excessive enlargement (aneurysm) of the blood vessels that can accompany this disease, are in fact responsible for very common diseases, such as coronary diseases (angina pectoris and heart attack), cerebrovascular (stroke) and peripheral vascular ( intermittent claudication).

All congenital heart defects, rheumatic diseases involving myocardium, various forms of arrhythmia, pathologies affecting the heart valves and heart failure are also included in the family of cardiovascular pathologies.

Epidemiology

On a global level, and in particular in countries with a typically Western lifestyle, cardiovascular diseases represent the main cause of death. The diseases associated with atherosclerosis seen above contribute to this sad record, the appearance of which is favored by a lifestyle increasingly characterized by the abuse of smoking, alcohol and drugs, a sedentary lifestyle and a diet that is not very careful to satisfy, without excess, the real needs of the organism.

EpidemiologyInsights

Considering the vastness of the topic, for those wishing to learn more, here are the links to the various articles on the site relating to cardiovascular diseases:

  • The cardiovascular system
  • Atherosclerosis and Arteriosclerosis
  • Coronary and coronary artery disease
  • Ischemic heart disease
  • Heart attack
  • Angina pectoris
  • Stroke
  • Thrombus and thrombosis
  • Deep vein thrombosis
  • Left ventricular hypertrophy
  • Heart murmur
  • Aortic aneurysm
  • Prevention of cardiovascular diseases